The Schottky diode , also known as Schottky barrier diode or hot-carrier diode, is a semiconductor diode formed by the junction of a semiconductor with a metal. It has a low forward voltage drop and a very fast switching action. The cat’s-whisker detectors used in the early days of wireless and metal rectifiers used in early power applications can be considered primitive Schottky diodes.
When sufficient forward voltage is applied, a current flows in the forward direction. A silicon p–n diode has a typical forward voltage of 600–700 mV, while the Schottky’s forward voltage is 150–450 mV. This lower forward voltage requirement allows higher switching speeds and better system efficiency.
Schottky diodes are used for their low turn-on voltage, fast recovery time and low-loss energy at higher frequencies. These characteristics make Schottky diodes capable of rectifying a current by facilitating a quick transition from conducting to blocking state.
Like other diodes, the Schottky diode controls the direction of current flow in a circuit. … However, unlike standard diodes, the Schottky diode is known for its low forward voltage and fast switching ability. This makes them an ideal choice for radio frequency applications and any device with low voltage requirements.